Paper 1: Main area of findings

Main area Questions Findings
1. Important characteristics of tasks What characterizes complex real-world problems? Wicked problems, Uncertainty, Complexity, Controversy, Risks Multi/Inter/Transdisciplinarity
2. Pupils’ role in society Why should pupils (be prepared to) contribute in complex problems in society? Critical Citizen, Extended peer community
3. Competences recognized as important What kind of competences do pupils need when reflecting on complex real-world problems (in the mathematics classroom)? Mathematical literacy, Reflective knowing, Critical agency, Critique and Dialogue
4. Aspects of democracy Why is it important to bring real-world problems into mathematics education from a democracy perspective? Power, Formatting Power, Responsibility, Ethics, Value Democratization and Global Society

Overview of four main areas